Thursday, 14 November 2019
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Art and culture between sun and sea.

Geography

The largest region in the Italian territory extending over 25.708 square kilometres, Sicily is the most heavily populated island in the Mediterranean sea and it lies only 140 km from the African coast. It lies at a distance of only three kilometres across the sea, the Strait of Messina, from Calabria. The group of the minor islands lies in the Sicilian territory in administrative terms: Ustica, the Aeolian and Lipari archipelago, the Aegadian islands, the Pelagie islands and Pantelleria. A line of mountain chains, the so-called Sicilian Appennines, lies parallel to the Tyrrhenian Sea up until that one of Calabria, and it is divided into three sections: the Peloritani, the Nebrodi or Caronie and the Madonie. Here is the Mount Carbonara, (m 1979) the highest elevation after Etna. A further line of low mountain chains, whose summit is practically not higher than a thousand metres, crosses the island diagonally, splits into the Mounts Erei and Mounts Iblei. These are considerably arid zones,  characterized by sulphur, salts of potassium and rock salt mines. Mount Etna is the largest active volcano in Europe, with an elevation of 3330 m and it rises isolated above the Jonic coast amid the Alcantara and Simeto rivers. The big volcano erupting, with its snow-covered top during the larger part of the year, attract the vulcanologists and the experts from all over the world every year. Unmistakable setting of big part of the island landscape, it is surrounded by hundreds of secondary cones and covered by old and new lava outflows which create an unforgettable geological sight alternating between the Mediterranean vegetation and prickly pears.

 

Languages

Italian is the official language of the whole region. The Sicilian dialect, with its different local inflexions, is very widespread. Languages coming from Greek-Albanian origin still survive, as well as dialects of French and Lombard influence, the modern Arab is widespread amid the immigrant people who especially live in the area of Mazara del Vallo.

Documents and Exchange

The identity card for the UE area people and the passport for others countries. The Euro is the current exchange.

Government and Population

Sicily with its minor islands is an Autonomous Region, since 1946 Palermo is its chief  town. Since 1947 Sicily has its own Parliament, and its population is estimatedo of 5.000.000 of inhabitants, with a density of 190 inhabitants per square kilometer.